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Guide for foreign investment

Issuing Date: 2014-08-08   Author:Editor of site   Source: 2013 White Paper On Environment for Foreign Investment in Shanghai   Views:

 

 

Guide for foreign investment

Infrastructure

Shanghai has good city infrastructure and is a hub for ground, water and air transportation.

 

Two International airports connecting to the world

In 2012, the combined number of flights of Pudong and Hongqiao Airport totaled 596,700, up 4%. The number of passengers totaled 78.7084 million, an increase of 5.6%. Passengers taking domestic flights totaled 54.7374 million and passengers taking international flights totaled 23.9709 million, 4.7% and 7.6% higher than the previous year respectively.

 

Railways and roads connecting to the whole country.      

Shanghai has four railway stations and conveniently connects all major cities in China. Up to the end of 2012, the total road length of the city exceeded 12,000 kilometers with 10,000 bridges, accounting for 14% provincial roads.

 

Steady growth of port throughput and booming cruising business

In 2012, Shanghai’s port throughput totaled 736 million tons, 1.1% higher than the previous year. Container throughput totaled 32.5294 million TEUs, up 2.5%. Shanghai has been dedicated to cruising center of the Asia – Pacific Region. Shanghai Wusong International Cruiser Quay and Shanghai International Traveler’s Quay have received 180 cruisers in 2012, 67 more than the previous year. 128 cruisers took Shanghai as host port and the number of passengers totaled 350,300, 71.4% higher than the previous year.

 

Convenient public transportation

Up to the end of 2012, the city has 13 metros of 468.19 kilometers (including 29.11 km of Maglev Train). 6.277 – million people have been moved via public transportation throughout the year, 2.2% more than the previous year. 2.276 – billion people took metros, up 8.3%. The total length of dedicated lanes was 161.8 kilometers.

 

Education

Complete education system

Shanghai has a complete education system, covering from pre – school to higher education and all types of training programs. There are a number of schools, private, public, joint venture, and international. Education quality and performance are top in China and significant progress has been achieved in the application of IT and network in education.

In 2012, the city has 67 universities or colleges, 858 high schools and 761 primary schools as well as 29 special schools. The number of college graduates is increasing while the number of high school and primary school graduates is decreasing slightly. The city has 58 colleges for postgraduate education, which recruited 44,200 postgraduates in 2012. 127,000 postgraduates were studying and 34,500 graduated. 99.9% of children entered school for 9 years of compulsory education, and 96% continued with high schools.

Diversified education institutions

For now, Shanghai has 34 schools that are administrated as international schools, including 22 international schools (kindergartens), 7 Japanese & Korean education centers, and 5 international departments of local schools. There were 29,179 students in these schools, 1,054 more than 2011. 12 international schools have students of over 1,000. There are basically two types of educations – American and British for children of expatriates in the following three types of schools.

After 20 year of development, shanghai has established education system of diversified and structured programs, catering to the needs of different countries, languages and levels. It covers from pre – school to high school and basically meets the needs of children of expatriates in Shanghai. The city launched a series of activities such as “Chinese Culture into Schools” to stimulate the enthusiasm of foreign students towards Chinese culture and to the city as well as promoting Chinese language. International schools have become an important channel for expatriates and their children to know China, know Shanghai, and learn the Chinese and Shanghai culture.

 

Tourism and health care

Tourism

Shanghai is a one of China’s main tourist cities and the added value for tourism was RMB 149.768 billion in 2012. 4.9% higher than the previous year. The city has 278 star – rated hotels, including 55 five – star hotels and 55 four – star hotels, in 2012. The city has a total of 1,183 travel agencies and 82 Class – A tourist attractions. Shanghai received 8 million foreign tourists in 2012 and 6.33 million were foreign tourists, 2.1% and 2.4% lower than the previous year. The city received a total of 2.5093 billion domestic tourists, 8.7% higher than the previous year. Foreign exchange income of tourist industry throughout the year totaled USD 5.582 billion, down 4.3%. The income from domestic tourists totaled RMB 322.439 billion, up 15.7%.

Shanghai is a city of long history and culture heritage and has a number of old architectures and gardens of Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasty. Since the 1990s, the city erected much new architecture that shapes the new and beautiful landscapes of the city. Shanghai has accelerated the construction of Disneyland Project and International Tourist Resort, which will be another milestone attraction for tourism in the city.

Health care services

Up to the end of 2012, Shanghai has 3,465 hospitals and clinics and medical employees of 146,100, and treated 214 million patients. The death rate of the new born was 5.04 and death rate of the pregnant was 7.1 per 100,000. Carry out pilot test of care for dying in 18 community hospitals of 17 districts. Public health hotline 12320 (both Chinese and English) provides 24 – hours services.

Shanghai city government encourages social capital to support medical services in weak sections, and gives priority to social capital in adjusting and increasing medical resources. The city also encourages foreign investment in health care and gradually removes equity restrictions on foreign capital.

 

IT infrastructure and IT industry

Full coverage of network

In 2012, the added value of IT industry totaled RMB 203.024 billion, 12.4% higher than the previous year. The added value of information service sector Totaled RMB 123.379 billion, up 17.5%.

Up to the end of 2012, the consolidated network pipelines totaled 6,900 kilometers, 650 kilometers longer than the previous year. 1,000 new mobile stations and 1,000 indoor coverage stations were added to the mobile network. 2.8 – million families have access to optical fibers and 2.5 million have subscribed optical services. Internet subscribers totaled 17.5 million with the penetration rate of 73.5%. 5,000 new wireless points have been installed, making the total available points up to 17,000. International and domestic Internet bandwidth reached 550 Gbps and 2,400 Gbps respectively. Digital TV and IPTV subscribers totaled 3.86 million and 1.78 million, 1.2 million and 25 thousand more than the previous year respectively. i-Shanghai free WLAN services have been established in 300 public locations.

Booming IT industry

The sales revenue of the city’s software industry, telecom transmission services, and Internet information services totaled RMB 208.576 billion, 66.289 billion and 64.285 billion throughout the year respectively. 490 new software companies have been certified with 3,822 registered software products. 45 Information service companies have been listed. The sales revenue of 248 software companies exceeded RMB 100 million per company.

The GDP of e – business totaled RMB 781.5 billion throughout the year, 41.9% higher than 2011. 29,876 companies have registered as member of Easipass, the electronic customs clearance system, which processed 178.7445 million pieces of documents, RMB 994.756 billion of electronic payment, up 9.2%. 1.6378 – million electronic bills were printed and 879.2 thousand social security cards were issued. 21.69 – million people visited China Shanghai portal website and the total number of page viewing reached 465.26 million. Meanwhile, public services have been strengthened with latest information technologies.

Up to the end of 2012, 3.219 million digital certificates have been issued and the individual credibility system has covered 11.568 – million people. The system received 14.768 – million requests and offered 9.585 – million feedbacks as well as 3.6 – million individual credibility statements.

 

Environmental protection, social security, and culture activities

Environmental protection

In 2012, Shanghai dedicated RMB 57.049 billion to the environmental protection, accounting for 2.8% of the city’s GDP. The “excellent” rate of AQI in 2012 is 93.7%, 1.4 points higher than the previous year. The average dust landing rate was 5.7 tons per km2, down 13.6%. Sewage treatment capacity reached 7.0105 million m3 per day. 164.200 tons of household wastes have been treated and 91.4% are non – pollutant treatment, 3.8 points higher than the previous year. 1,050 new waste separation & treatment stations were established throughout the year. Phase one of Laogang Landfill was completed and Jinshan Comprehensive Treatment of Household

 

Wastes was put into test operation.

1,037.9 hectares of green lands were built in 2012 and 513.35 hectares are public green lands. Up to the end of 2012, the green land coverage rate was increased to 38.3%. 1,168 hectares of forests were planted and the forests coverage reached 12.58%. 53 roads were sided with trees.

 

Social security

Social security and policy have been improved. The social insurance system has covered 5 sectors including pension, health care, working injury, unemployment, and pregnancy and achieved basically full coverage. In 2012, 13.2638 – million people (including retired) participated in the city’s pension scheme. 6.1735 – million people paid unemployment insurance and 212,900 of them collected unemployment compensation. The minimum income for rural regions increased from RMB 4,320 to 5,160 per year. The minimum wage rose from RMB 1,280 to 1,450 per month.

In 2012, 13.7598 – million people (including retired) participated in the city’s health care insurance. Up to the end of 2012, 2.6259 – million people (including college students) participated in the citizen health care insurance.

 

Culture activities

In 2012, the city has 27 city – level or district – level culture and art centers, 154 art societies, 25 city or district libraries, 41 archive libraries, and 109 museums. China Art Museum and Shanghai Modern Art Museum were officially opened.

The city has successfully hosted a number of upscale culture activities such as “Spring of Shanghai” International Music Festival, No.14 China Shanghai International Art Festival, No.15 Shanghai International Film Festival, and No.8 China Computer Game Expo. The city has also successfully hosted 56 international competitions and 74 national competitions. The first Citizen’s Olympics attracted the participation of 6.31 – million people in 160 days. 75 jogging lanes, 10 swimming pools and 35 community gyms were built throughout the year.

 

Service organizations